Newborn Hearing Screen at Overlake


Newborn Hearing Screen is an important part of every baby’s care in the first weeks of life. Most babies can hear normally, but one to three of every 1,000 babies are born with some degree of hearing loss. This loss can be difficult to detect without infant screening. Delayed detection leads to delayed intervention and subsequent delays in speech and language development.  That is why the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all infants are screened for hearing loss.


What makes detection difficult is that babies may respond to sound but that does not mean they have normal hearing. Most babies with hearing loss; hear some sounds but experience enough loss to impact speech and language.


At Overlake, babies are initially screened for hearing loss at the Mom & Baby Care Center. An appointment is made while families are on the Mother Baby Unit and families come back to the Mom & Baby Care Center within a few days of discharge.  If passage is not attained at the initial screening, a follow up screen is performed within one to two weeks.


Overlake was recently recognized as the “Hospital of the Quarter” by the Washington State Early Hearing-loss Detection, Diagnosis and Intervention (EHDDI) program for improving hearing detection processes which promote early detection, diagnosis and intervention.


If a possible hearing loss is detected after the two screenings performed at Overlake, further testing will be done to confirm the results with an audiologist. When hearing loss is confirmed, early intervention should begin as soon as possible.  Timing is important; babies have the best chance for normal language development if intervention begins before six months of age. The earlier – the better!


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Eastside mothers give 95 gallons of milk to help premature babies (Bellevue Reporter)

In the six months since Overlake Hospital opened its Milk Donation Center, Eastside mothers have given more than 95 gallons of life-saving, nutritious donated human milk to the hospital.

The donations assure that Overlake Medical Center has priority access to the milk to support fragile, premature infants in the hospital’s Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

“We have been amazed at the generosity demonstrated by the caring donor moms of our community,” said Sandy Salmon, RN, who manages Overlake Medical Center’s Mom & Baby Care Center.

Salmon’s message to all the mothers who donated: “We recognize the time and energy taken to collect and donate this milk for babies in need. Your actions are inspirational and deeply appreciated both by the babies and families who receive your gift and by the staff at Overlake who are lucky enough to assist you in this process.”

Overlake is one of just a few hospitals in Western Washington to offer a local donation location to mothers in the greater Seattle area. After taking care of Overlake’s needs, any additional breast milk collected will help support 120 hospitals in 24 different states.

The milk is shared with other hospitals through Overlake’s partnership with Mothers’ Milk Bank in Colorado, which provides the screening and blood testing needed to become a donating mom at no cost.

“We are always in need of donors and milk,” said Laraine Lockhart Borman, outreach director at Mothers’ Milk Bank in Colorado. “We frequently have more need for milk from hospitals than there is supply.”

Borman and Salmon are hoping Eastside moms continue to give the gift of human milk. The 95 gallons – roughly 12,248 ounces – were donated by 36 moms.

“One special donor gave 3,698 ounces so far,” Borman said. “Some gave the minimum of 150 ounces. To us it doesn’t matter because every drop is precious. An ounce will feed a micro preemie for a day. A little goes a long way toward protecting their health and ensuring their survival.”

Mothers who have been screened and accepted as prospective donors can come to Overlake’s Mom & Baby Care Center to drop off their frozen donated human milk and have blood work done at the medical center’s outpatient lab. The milk is temporarily stored in a deep freezer before being shipped for processing along with the blood samples.

The mailed blood samples are tested to assure donors meet the proper criteria (much like testing for blood donation). Milk that is safe for use is then pasteurized and cultured to assure there is no contamination from the processing. The milk is then frozen in 2 to 4 ounce bottles for shipment to hospital neonatal intensive care units.

A milk donation center is a controlled collection point where healthy, lactating women can donate their surplus milk for premature babies. The milk collection, shipping, processing and distribution are overseen by the Human Milk Banking Association of North America (HMBANA), an organization consisting of multiple banks and collection depots throughout the United States and Canada.

Studies showing strong clinical benefits combined with recommendations from many health organizations have prompted a growing number of hospitals to provide donated, pasteurized human milk to premature infants when their mother’s own milk is not available.

Donated human milk provides life-saving nutrition and immune support to fragile, premature babies. In the United States, there is a critical shortage of donated human milk. According to the HMBANA, there are 60,000 low birth weight infants (weighing 3.5 pounds or less) born every year who need donated human milk.

Milk banks depend on “drop off” milk depots to meet the growing demand for donated human milk. Only milk from a HMBANA milk bank can safely be given to preterm infants in the hospital.

For more information about Overlake Medical Center’s new mother’s milk depot and to learn about how to donate, call 425-635-6150.

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March of Dimes: Nurse of the Year Awards

On November 20, 12 of Overlake’s outstanding nurses were recognized and  attended the March of Dimes:  Nurse of the Year award ceremony at the Meydenbauer Conference Center in Bellevue. This awards event  brings together the health care community to recognize nursing excellence and achievement throughout the state of Washington in areas of research, education, quality patient care, innovation and leadership. Awards were presented to the most outstanding nurse within several categories.  One new category was for a non-nurse who has advanced the nursing profession.

Eight of the nominees were nurses  who have had a direct and positive impact on the Childbirth Center.  We are extremely proud and recognize that our patients benefit from the staff that consistently go above and beyond!

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Second Annual NICU Reunion

The Second Annual NICU Reunion was held on Sept. 7, 2014 with more than 125  participants.  We welcomed approximately 75 adults and 50 children.  The graduates ranged in age from 3 months to 12 years of age.  Infact, one of the volunteers was an Overlake NICU graduate 17 years ago!  This turnout was double what we had last year.  Most of the graduates attending were under a year which gave more time for staff and parent interaction.  Many activities were scheduled for graduates and their siblings including such things as making a cereal necklace; a Bouncy House and cupcake decorating.  It was so much fun for both family and staff to see each other again.  Parents beamed beings able to “show off” their graduate!!  As we begin planning for next year’s reunion, we already envision the activity level with all these one year olds now running around full steam ahead!

For a look at more photos, check out our Facebook page at

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Breastfeeding: Natural, but not always easy

Breastfeeding is natural but not always easy. Many moms find that breastfeeding is not as instinctual as they anticipated, but find that with a little help they can quickly gain confidence and increase their comfort. Positioning baby at the breast may feel quite awkward during the first several days but there are techniques that may help reduce mom’s pain and increase baby’s milk intake.

* Remember to call baby’s provider or outpatient lactation for immediate follow up if weight gain,      wet /soiled diaper count is not adequate, baby is not settling after feedings, or baby is not waking to feed at least 8 times every 24 hours. Your baby should gain 6-7 ounces of weight each week, after initial minimal weight loss, for the first 3 months of life.

  • Use a supportive pillow so that the pillow is holding the weight of baby to breast level. A pillow will free mom’s hands to position her instead of lift her.
  • Hold baby tummy to tummy with mom. Sucking and swallowing is more effective and comfortable when his head is not turned to the side.
  • Support breasts, keeping thumb and index finger parallel (lined up) with baby’s lips. Many newborns are unable to feed and keep the breast in place.
  • Line baby’s nose up to the nipple. If latch-on starts too high, it is usually painful for mom.
  • Tickle baby’s upper lip with nipple and as he opens his mouth wide. Advance his lower jaw deeply by applying pressure to his shoulders.
  • Relax and be patient. Rookies need time to learn and help is a phone call away.

If you need help with breastfeeding please call the Overlake Women’s Clinic at 425-688-5389.

Our nurses are expertly trained and experienced in assisting mothers with latching, teaching new breastfeeding positions, monitoring baby’s growth and answering parents’ ongoing feeding questions as baby grows.

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When can I take my preemie home?

When your premature baby was born you understood that there would be medical issues that needed to be resolved before you could take him or her home.  As your baby progressed in the NICU, he or she became more stable and did well, and now you wonder, “When can I take my preemie home?”

A premature baby has some basic tasks to master before he or she can go home.  Your baby must:

  • Breathe all the time
  • Stay warm in a regular crib
  • Feed well

These may sound like simple tasks, but for a preemie these are complex activities they are not ready to do until they have completed developmental stages usually accomplished by full term babies before they are born.

Breathing is one of the most fundamental tasks of living, but before a baby is born he or she does not need to breathe regularly; the task of getting enough oxygen to the body is accomplished through the placenta.  The parts of a baby’s brain that control breathing are not fully developed before about 34-35 weeks gestation (where 40 weeks is the expected full term “due date” in a normal pregnancy).  Before this time babies may experience apnea of prematurity, pauses in breathing.  There is tremendous variability in how much apnea of prematurity a premature baby may experience.  In the neonatal ICU cardio-respiratory monitors watch heart rate and breathing patterns and pulse oximeters monitor oxygen levels to catch these pauses in breathing, apnea events.  If the heart rate goes too low or oxygen level goes down for too long an alarm will sound and a care provider will intervene to stimulate the baby, or give some added oxygen or manual breaths, if needed.  These events typically decrease with increased maturity and stop by full term.  The care team will monitor the frequency and severity of these apnea events and will not send a baby home until the baby has matured enough to be discharged home without monitors.  This usually means observing until a baby has not had an apneic event severe enough to require intervention while sleeping or alone for 5 days or more.

Premature babies are small.  Their small size makes it difficult for them to keep warm.  A premature baby needs to stay warm to grow.  If they are exposed to the world without adequate support to remain warm they will burn too many calories and will not grow.  To help babies remain warm they are usually kept in an incubator.  After they reach about 4 pounds (1800 grams) the team caring for your baby will consider weaning him or her from the incubator to a crib.  This is usually not done until your baby’s temperature is stable in an incubator with temperature of 28 degrees Celsius, or less.

Finally, the ability to feed well is also critical for a baby to thrive and grow at home.  The process of coordinating sucking, swallowing and breathing is fairly complex and premature babies initially do not do this well.  It is common for babies not to be able start taking feeds by mouth until about 34 weeks gestation.  After they start showing some interest in sucking and swallowing it can take weeks before they are able to take all of their milk from the bottle or breast.  The usual standard in the NICU is for a baby to take all of his or her feedings by mouth (by bottle or from the breast) before they are sent home.  This is usually the last piece to come into place before a baby is able to safely go home.

All of these tasks represent normal developmental stages for a premature baby and each baby progresses through these stages at different rates.  The time to attain the abilities to feed well, maintain temperature and breathe regularly, without apnea, can vary considerable from baby to baby.  The Neonatal ICU team caring for your baby will help explain how your baby is progressing and give your baby the support he or she needs.  They will not be able to give you a good idea about when your baby will be able to come home until you are within a couple days of the big event.  Each baby sets its own pace, and this makes predictions difficult.  In this case, like many others, your baby is in charge!

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Overlake Opens Donated Breast Milk Depot (KING 5 HealthLink)

Breast milk is best and that’s especially true for fragile premature babies who are more at risk for infection. Overlake Hospital has just opened a Mother Milk Depot, where moms can donate their surplus milk to infants in need.

Little Leif was not scheduled to make his debut until late September. He had other plans.

“He was born at 28 weeks gestation so about 3 months early. Very early,” said Robin Ballard, Leif’s mother.

Seven-and-a-half month Brecken on the other hand was right on schedule. Brecken’s mom, Madeline Williams, and Robin met for the first time Tuesday.

Two different stories with a common thread: Madeleine is a breast milk donor. And Robin is a grateful mom. Her baby is one of many to benefit.

“We have 12 patients today and I’m thinking 10 of those at some point have had some partial parts of donor breast milk,” said Overlake NICU Manager Lynne Saunders.

Saunders says premature babies are especially vulnerable to dangerous infections of the gut, and breast milk provides protection. Supply is always an issue, though.

“We always need new donors as moms wean their babies an can no longer donate unlike donating blood so we’re always looking for new donors,” said Sandy Salmon, Overlake Women’s Clinic.

Donated milk from Overlake is shipped to a milk bank in Denver where it is screened and pasteurized before being distributed.

“And there’s an upside to having the depot is that we have first access to the milk in Denver for our babies,” said Sunders. “Before we got it as it was available.”

Robin had never heard of the donated breast milk before Leif’s early arrival.

“I think I was asked about it within just a couple hours of him being born someone came in and said we have this program,” said Robin. “It was a little hazy for me at that point, but that sounds great thank you. Do it.”

The idea is to provide a much needed bridge until the mom can supply her own breast milk or to supplement if she’s not able to produce enough for her baby to thrive.

There are now three Breast Milk Depots in the Puget Sound area. The others are in Everett and Tacoma. For more information on how to become a donor, go to the Mothers’ Milk Bank – Rocky Mountain Children’s Health Foundation website.

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Therapy Services for Infants

It’s hard to believe it has been more than six months since I joined the Overlake NICU team. My name is Keren Eliav and I am an occupational therapist representing the OT/PT Department at Seattle Children’s Hospital. Beginning in January 2014, Seattle Children’s Hospital began providing regular therapy services to the infants in the Overlake NICU. I work closely with the nurses, dietitians, social workers, nurse practitioners and neonatologists to provide excellent care to our families. The main focus of therapy services in the NICU is feeding and development.

Feeding is usually the biggest challenge for infants who are fragile or who are born prematurely. Not many people realize the true complexity of oral feeding, including bottle and breastfeeding. An infant must be able to maintain a calm and organized state as they coordinate how to suck, swallow, and breathe. In the NICU, I help determine when an infant is ready to begin oral feeding, and suggest ways to make feeding experiences as positive and successful as possible. This may include using special bottles, altering an infant’s position during feeding, and/or providing various techniques that can help an infant coordinate how to suck, swallow and breathe. It is such a pleasure to watch infants master the skills necessary to be able to safely enjoy their feedings.

I also work closely with families to foster each infant’s optimal development. This includes teaching parents how to conserve an infant’s energy, tolerate increasing sensory input, and progress in their developmental skills. In preparation for discharge from the NICU, I coordinate any necessary therapy support for the infants once they go home. This may be with a referral to early intervention in the community, or follow-up appointments with me at Seattle Children’s Hospital if needed. I look forward to continuing to work as part of the Overlake NICU team to meet the needs of the Overlake infants and their families.

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CaringBridge Support

Having a child in the NICU is incredibly stressful. Although having support from family and friends may be appreciated and needed, you might also find it emotionally taxing to keep up with the many phone calls, emails and text messages received from well-wishers who want updates on your family’s wellbeing. A great resource for families who have a child in the NICU is CaringBridge. CaringBridge is a free, personal website that helps to keep you connected to your friends and family. It provides a space to share updates and pictures, as well as a way for your supporters to leave words of encouragement. CaringBridge even has an option to turn all your journal entries into a hard copy book to create wonderful family keepsake. You can start your free webpage now at

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Hands-On Pumping: Helping Increase Milk Production and Empty Full Breasts

When trying to pump for your new baby, it is not always easy to fully empty your breasts with just pumping alone. Often, after pumping, there is still a large quantity of milk left in the breast. Hands-on pumping can be an effective way to further remove residual milk left behind. In addition, some mothers struggle to produce enough milk for their babies and hands-on pumping can be incredibly helpful to empty the breast and maximize milk production.

Hands-on pumping typically takes place after your normal pumping session. Remove one set of tubing and bottle from the pump, so that you have a single bottle set-up and continue to pump one breast at a time for a few more minutes. Use both hands to manipulate and compress the breast to get additional drainage from milk ducts that did not fully empty. You can also hand express for a few minutes to help facilitate further milk letdown. Every mother tends to find a combination or routine that works for her.

The following is a helpful video from Stanford University School of Medicine. Take a few minutes to watch and it and see how other mothers have worked to increase their milk production with hands on pumping. Ask the NICU and lactation staff if you have any questions about this pumping technique – we’d be happy to help you as you provide your baby with the gift of breast milk!

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